What are the Symptoms of Dyslexia?
The word “dyslexia” comes from the Greek word dys, which means ill or difficult and lexis, which means word. Dyslexia refers to a person that is having difficulty with words. This condition affects an individual’s ability to read and write. Such condition may occur not because of poor intelligence but because of inadequate ability to improve reading or writing skills through conventional teaching. The condition is considered as a neurological condition and individuals affected by such condition are known as dyslexic or dyslectic.
Different Types and Symptoms of Dyslexia
Speech and Language Dyslexia
- Difficulty producing sounds. An individual suffering from speech and language dyslexia is having a hard time pronouncing letters or combinations of letters.
- Difficulty comprehending what other people are saying
- Difficulty using language to communicate
Academic Learning Dyslexia
- The person is having trouble identifying different word sounds.
- Difficulty with handwriting or in creating sentences that would make sense.
- Problems with calculations or abstract math concepts
Symptoms of Dyslexia
Pre-school and Kindergarten Level Symptoms
- Delayed speech
- Mixing sounds
- Early stuttering or cluttering
- Recurring ear infections
- Difficulty in learning how to tie shoelaces
- Late establishment of dominant hand
- Poor awareness of phonemics
- Problems in producing rhyming words
- Difficulty in learning and writing letters in order
Speech or Hearing Dyslexia Symptoms
- Poor oral language
- Learning how to talk usually takes a while
- Problems with pronunciation
- Poor vocabulary compared to his/her age group
- Difficulty in following directions
- Confused with certain words like before and after and left and right
- Difficulty in learning the alphabet, songs or rhymes
- Difficulty in understanding relationships and concepts
- Problems recollecting words and names
- Difficulty in identifying rhyming words
- Difficulty in manipulating and hearings sounds
- Problems distinguishing different sounds
Reading and Spelling Dyslexia Symptoms
- Able to read words on the first page but may have a hard time recognizing words on the next pages
- Knows phonics but is unable to determine the sound of an unknown word
- Inaccurate, slow and labored reading
- Episodes of misreading occur often, especially when the first and last letters of the word is the same
- Usually add or leave letters out
- Often says a word with the same letters but different sequence
- Often substitute words that look similar
- Loud, slow and out of order reading, often ignores punctuations
- Seems very tired after reading a very short paragraph
- Listening skills are better than reading skills
Causes of Dyslexia
Aside from all the symptoms mentioned above, there are many other symptoms of dyslexia. However, the root cause of the condition is still unknown. Nevertheless, studies have shown that genes play a huge role in most individuals suffering from dyslexia. People suffering from dyslexia or with symptoms of dyslexia usually have a hard time coping in school due to this condition. Nevertheless, since the main cause is still unidentified, most treatments remain superficial.
Treatment for the Symptoms of Dyslexia
A psychologist or dyslexia specialist can help diagnose the condition. Since the cause of the condition is unknown, the cure is elusive. However, changing the teaching methods and providing a dyslexic child with extra care can be very helpful in overcoming this condition. Children with symptoms of dyslexia have to be taught in special ways. They have to be given extra time during school exams and submit them through various evaluation methods. Parents should also be educated regarding the child’s condition so that they can support them academically.
Children with dyslexia or symptoms of dyslexia should be encouraged to read so that they will not lose interest. In case your child is suffering from such condition, make sure that you motivate him/her to try harder. As a parent, you should help them pursue their activities so that they would enjoy and excel in their hobbies. However, some children will still face difficulties in learning even if both teachers and parents try their best. If that is the case, do not be discouraged and do not scold or punish your child. Take note that it is not his/her fault that he/she is facing this condition and all you can do is to help and support him/her all throughout.
You should know how difficult it is to be unable to make out words. Insecurity may also rise since everyone around a dyslexic individual can actually read and write. Remember that a child’s mind is vulnerable during this point and as a teacher or a parent it is your job to help a dyslexic child overcome this problem and motivate him/her to try harder. You should not lose hope because no one will be able to help the child if you do and this can make things even harder for the dyslexic.